Organisationer kräver vapenembargo och sanktioner mot Myanmar 12 december, 2017
FN:s säkerhetsråd måste stoppa etnisk rensning mot folkgruppen rohingya, skriver 69 organisationer, bland dem Svenska FN-förbundet, inför ett rådsmöte om Myanmar på tisdagen.
I ett skarpt formulerat uttalande inför tisdagens möte i FN:s säkerhetsråd om situationen i Myanmar (Burma) kräver 69 organisationer i Internationella koalitionen för skyldighet att skydda, ICRtoP, att FN agerar omedelbart för att hantera etnisk rensning och brott mot mänskligheten som begås mot minoritetsgruppen rohingya av säkerhetsstyrkor i landet. Organisationerna kräver också att rådet agerar för säkra humanitärt tillträde till regionen.
De 69 organisationerna skriver att över 646 000 rohingyer har tvingats på flykt sedan augusti. Gruppen har utsatts för brott mot mänskligheten i form av bland annat massakrer, utbredda våldtäkter och annat sexuellt våld, plundring, deportationer och anlagda bränder.
Myanmars regering är skyldig att skydda sin befolkning men vill inte ens erkänna de omfattande människorättsbrotten mot rohingyerna, påpekar koalitionen för skyldighet att skydda och kräver att säkerhetsrådet omedelbart inför vapenembargo och riktade sanktioner mot personer som har gjort sig skyldiga till brott mot mänskligheten och andra MR-övergrepp. Koalitionen vill också se rättsliga åtgärder och föreslår att säkerhetsrådet använder sig av internationella domstolar för ändamålet.
Säkerhetsrådet kan inte skjuta upp åtgärder om uttalandena om ”aldrig längre” ska betyda något, avslutar organisationerna skrivelsen som följer i sin helhet nedan.
Joint Appeal to the UN Security Council to Act on Myanmar’s Rohingya Crisis
In advance of the United Nations Security Council’s December 12 meeting on the situation in Myanmar, we, a global coalition of 69 human rights, faith-based and humanitarian organizations, urgently call on the Council to take immediate action to address the campaign of ethnic cleansing and mass atrocity crimes, including crimes against humanity, committed against the ethnic Rohingya population by Myanmar’s security forces in northern Rakhine State, as well as the continuing restrictions on humanitarian assistance throughout the state since October 2016.
Words of condemnation by the UN, including the Security Council’s Presidential Statement on November 6 and the UN General Assembly’s Third Committee’s adoption of a resolution on Myanmar, have not resulted in Myanmar’s government ending its abuses or holding those responsible to account. It is time for prompt, concerted and effective international action.
Myanmar authorities are still heavily restricting access to northern Rakhine State for most international humanitarian organizations, human rights monitors, and independent media. Most of Myanmar’s Rohingya population, estimated at more than one million, have been forced to flee to Bangladesh as refugees. Despite a bilateral agreement between Myanmar and Bangladesh, there are insufficient guarantees that return at this time can be informed, safe and voluntary, that requirements for documentation of prior residence will not be used as a pretext to reject legitimate returns, that temporary holding centers will not become semi-permanent internment camps and that returnees will have the same rights of movement, access to livelihoods and health and education services as other residents of Rakhine State. The UN Fact-Finding Mission, which is tasked with preparing a report on abuses nationwide, has thus far been prevented from gaining access to the country.
Over 646,000 Rohingya have been made refugees since August 25, when Myanmar security forces launched “clearance operations” in response to armed attacks on security posts by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA). Refugee testimonies provide overwhelming evidence of Myanmar military-led atrocities during these operations, and a similar campaign that had begun in October 2016. The crimes against humanity perpetrated against the Rohingya include massacres and other unlawful killings, widespread rape and other sexual violence, looting, deportation and mass arson of hundreds of Rohingya villages. The violence also displaced tens of thousands of people from other ethnic minorities. Rohingya who remain in Myanmar continue to face severe food insecurity and threats in addition to systematic violations of their rights to a nationality, freedom of movement, and access to healthcare, education, and livelihood opportunities.
The Myanmar government has the primary responsibility to protect its diverse population without discrimination and regardless of ethnicity, religion or citizenship status. But, the civilian and military leadership of Myanmar, including the military’s Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, refuse to even acknowledge the serious human rights violations against the Rohingya and continue to deny any wrongdoing by state security forces in Rakhine State while ignoring decades of institutionalized discrimination against the Rohingya community.
We urge the Security Council to immediately impose an arms embargo against Myanmar’s military that covers the direct and indirect supply, sale or transfer, including transit and trans-shipment of all weapons, munitions, and other military and security equipment, as well as the provision of training and other military and security assistance. The Security Council should also place targeted sanctions on senior officers responsible for crimes against humanity or other serious human rights violations. Financial sanctions should target senior officers who ordered criminal acts or are liable as a matter of command responsibility. The Security Council should explore all avenues for justice and accountability, including through international courts.
If the pledge to “never again” allow atrocities means anything, the Security Council cannot delay action any longer.
American Jewish World Service
Burma Action Ireland
Burma Campaign UK
Burma Human Rights Network
Burma Task Force
Canadian Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Carl Wilkens Fellowship
Center for Development of International Law
Center for Justice & Accountability
Darfur Women’s Action Group
David Rockefeller Fund
Entrepreneurs du Monde
Equal Rights Trust
European Rohingya Council
Franciscan Action Network
Foundation for Ethnic Understanding
Friends Committee on National Legislation
Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
Global Justice Center
Global Network of Women Peacebuilders
Holocaust, Genocide and Interfaith Education Center at Manhattan College
Humanity United Action
Human Rights First
Human Rights Now
Human Rights Watch
International Campaign for the Rohingya
International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect ICR2P
Investors Against Genocide
Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights
Jewish Alliance of Concern over Burma (JACOB)
Jewish World Watch
Médecins du Monde
Middle East and North Africa Partnership for Preventing of Armed Conflict (MENAPPAC)
Muslim Bar Association of New York
Muslim Public Affairs Council (MPAC)
Muslin Social Justice Initiative (MSJI)
Network of Spiritual Progressives
Partners Relief & Development
Permanent Peace Movement (PPM)
Physicians for Human Rights
Refugee Center Online
Rohingya Community Ireland
Save the Children
Society for Threatened Peoples – Germany
Stop Genocide Now
Syrian Network for Human Rights
The Center for Media Studies and Peacebuilding (CEMESP-Liberia)
The Interfaith Center of New York
The Jiyan Foundation for Human Rights
The Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
T’ruah: The Rabbinic Call for Human Rights
United Nations Association – Sweden
United Church of Christ, Justice and Witness Ministries
Unitarian Universalist Service Committee
World Federalist Movement – Canada
World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy (WFM-IGP)